Some Trees and shrubs of the Valley


Some of the trees and bushes growing in the conservancy include:


Flame Thorn

Acacia ataxacantha

Host to the larvae of the Charaxes ethalon ethalon butterfly. The Red-billed Woodhoopoo and Bartailed Apalis feed on insects on the flowers, leaves and tree trunk. Nitrogen-fixing bacteria are found on the roots of all Acacia trees. This improves the soil fertility in the vicinity of the trees.

Common Hook Thorn

Acacia caffra

Browsed on by Black Rhino, Giraffe, Kudu, Impala, Reedbuck, Grey Duiker. Host to Van Son’s Playboy and Amakosa Rocksitter butterflies. Nitrogen-fixing bacteria are found on the roots of all Acacia trees. This improves the soil fertility in the vicinity of the trees.

Red Thorn

Acacia gerrardii

The pods and young shoots are eaten by monkeys and baboons. The bark and leaves are eaten by Black Rhino, Giraffe, Grey Duiker, Kudu and Steenbok. Nitrogen-fixing bacteria are found on the roots of all Acacia trees. This improves the soil fertility in the vicinity of the trees.

Sweet Thorn

Acacia karroo

A good fodder tree. All parts of the tree are eaten by Black Rhino, Giraffe, Kudu, Impala, Reedbuck, Grey Duiker. Monkeys, Parrots and many other birds and insects are attracted to the flowers. Nitrogen-fixing bacteria are found on the roots of all Acacia trees. This improves the soil fertility in the vicinity of the trees.

Scented Thorn

Acacia nilotica

Browsed by Black Rhino, Giraffe, Eland, Kudu, Impala, Nyala, Grey Duiker. Nitrogen-fixing bacteria are found on the roots of all Acacia trees. This improves the soil fertility in the vicinity of the trees.

Splendid Thorn

Acacia robusta

The leaves are browsed by Kudu and Nyala. Nitrogen-fixing bacteria are found on the roots of all Acacia trees. This improves the soil fertility in the vicinity of the trees.

Paper-bark Thorn

Acacia sieberiana

The fallen pods and seeds are eaten by game animals. Birds are attracted to the tree especially the Bar-throated Apalis, which gets insects from the flowers, leaves and tree trunks. Sunbirds are also attracted to the tree. Nitrogen-fixing bacteria are found on the roots of all Acacia trees. This improves the soil fertility in the vicinity of the trees.

Umbrella Thorn

Acacia tortillas

The foliage is browsed by antelope and giraffe. The pods are eaten by all grazing and browsing animals. The bark is also eaten by animals. Nitrogen-fixing bacteria are found on the roots of all Acacia trees. This improves the soil fertility in the vicinity of the trees.

White Stinkwood

Celtis africana

The leaves are browsed by Kudu, Nyala, Bushbuck, Impala, Grey Duiker, and eaten by Vervet Monkeys and Baboons. Bulbuls, Mousebirds, Barbets, Parrots, Louries, Doves and Rameroon Pigeaons eat the seeds. Larvae of the African Snout and Blue-spotted Charaxes feed on the leaves.

Cabbage Tree

Cussonia spicata

The leaves are eagerly browsed by game. The roots and bark are eaten by Black Rhino, bushpigs, porkupines and baboons. The ripe fruit is eaten by many fruit-eating birds especially the Louries, bulbuls, Starlings, Barbets and Mousebirds.

Sickle Bush

Dichrostachys cinerea

The leaves are browsed by Giraffe, Buffalo, Nyala, Impala, Grey Duiker. The Larvae of Satyr Charaxes butterflies feed on the leaves

Dwarf Coral Tree

Erythrina humeana

Grey Duiker browse on the leaves. Sunbirds, Black-eyed Bulbuls, Cape White-eyes and Parrots feed on te seeds and insects that are attraced to the flowers.

Coral Tree

Erythrina Iysistemon

Many insect species are attracted to the tree which, in turn, attract.many insect-eating birds. Barbets and Woodpeckers nest in these trees. Roots are unearthed and eaten by Bushpigs and Porcupine. The leaves and bark are eaten by Elephant, Black Rhino, Kudu, Nyala, and Baboons. Vervet Monkeys eat the flowers.

Cross Berry

Grewia occidentalis

Browsed on by Black Rhino, mGiraffe, Kudu, Nyala, Grey Duiker. Knysna and Purple-crested Louries, Bulbuls, Mousebirds, and Barbets feed on the berries. The tree hosts Rufous-winged Elfin and Buff-tipped Skipper Butterflies.

Buffalo Thorn

Ziziphus macronata

Giraffe, Eland, Kudu, Bushbuck, Nyala, Impala, Warthogs all browse on the tree or eat the fallen leaves and fruit. Guineafowl, Francolins, Purple-crested Louries and Burchell’s Coucals feed on the fruit. Black Pie, Common Dotted Blue, Hintza Pie, White Pie Butterflies are hosted on the tree.

False Olive

Buddleja saligna

Various Butterflies and bees utilise the tree and its flowers.

Pompom Tree

Dais cotinifolia

The flowers attract bees and other insects which, in turn, attract insec-eating birds.

Puzzle Bush

Ehretia rigida

Kudu, Nyala, Bushbuck, Impala and Grey Duiker browse on the tree. The berries are eaten by Vervet Monkeys, Francolins, Guineafowl, Louries, Hornbills, Crested Barbets, Bulbuls and Starlings.

River Bushwillow

Combretum erythrophyllum

Browsed on by Giraffe, Nyala, Bushbuck, and Impala. Utilised by Pied Barbets, Herons and Cormorants as a perch.

Small Knobwood

Zanthoxylum capense

Browsed on by Kudu, Grey Duiker. Vervet Monkeys as well as several bird species eat the fruit. Host to the larvae of the Citrus Swallowtail, White-banded Swallowtail and Emporer Swallowtail Butterflies.

Tamboti

Spirostachys africana

Porcupines eat the bark and Giraffe, Eland, Kudu, Nyala, Bushbuck, Impala, Grey Duiker eat the fresh and fallen leaves.Guineafowl, Fracolins and Doves eat the fallen fruit.

Weeping Boer-bean

Schotia brachypetala

The caterpillars of three Charaxes butterfly species feed on the leaves as do Baboons, Giraffe, Kudu, Impala, Nyala. The nectar is favoured by Baboons, Vervet Monkeys, Bees, Sunbirds, Louries, Parrots and many insect species. Vervet Monkeys eat the flower buds and the seeds.

Wild Apricot

Dovyalis zeyheri

The larvae of the African Leopard Butterfly feed on the leaves. The fruit is eaten by Hornbills, Barbets, Louries, Mousebirds, Starlings, Rameroon Pigeons and Bulbuls.

Natal Laburnum

Calpurnia aurea

Leaves are eaten by Dassies and antelope. Bees and other insects are attracted to the flowers which, in turn, attract birds.

Wild Medlar

Vangueria infausta

The leaves are eaten by antelope. The fruit, which is high in vitamin C, is eaten by Bushbabies, Monkeys, Baboons, and Bushpigs. The flowers are visited by butterflies and flies.

Natal Wild Pear

Dombeya cymosa

Leaves browsed by antelope. Flowers visited by bees.

Coast Silver Oak

Brachylaena discolor

Young leaves are browsed by Nyala, Bushbuck and Blue Duiker. Copious nectar attracts bees and other insects which, in turn, attract insect-eating birds.

Small Bone Apple

Coddia rudis

Fruit is eaten by Louries, Bulbuls, Mousebirds and other birds.The leaves and stems are heavily browsed by game animals.

Natal Plane (Mickey Mouse Bush)

Ochna natalitia

Birds eat the drupelets. Leaves are browsed by antelope.

Small-leaved Plane

Ochna serrulata

Birds eat the drupelets. Leaves are browsed by antelope.

Common Spike Thorn

Maytenus hetrophylla

The fruit is eaten by birds. The flowers and young shoots are eaten by antelope.

Jacket Plum or Bushveld Cherry

Pappea capensis

Flowers attract insects. Delicious fruit eaten by people, birds (especially Starlings, Mousebirds and Barbets), Kudu, Nyala, Bushbuck, Impala and Grey Duiker. Larvae of the Pearlspotted Charaxes ( Charaxes jahlusa), Common Haretail (Anthene definite), Brown Playboy (Deudorix antalus) butterflies feed on the tree.

Sneezewood

Ptaeroxylon obliquum

Food plant for the Citrus Swallowtail (Princeps demodocus) butterfly. Young shoots and leaves are browsed by Kudu, Nyala, Impala and Duiker.